New OU study profiles the ‘changing face’ of suicide

Average Annual Suicide Rate per 100,000 Population, 2008-2017

New OU study profiles the ‘changing face’ of suicide

Where does suicide live in Ohio? How old is it? What does it look like?

According to a new study released by The Ohio Alliance for Innovation in Population Health (The Alliance), its identity is increasingly comprised of individuals both young and old. In the past 10 years, suicide rates have risen more than 30 percent for those ages 20 to 29 and approximately 57 percent for those aged 60 or older.

The data also revealed a troubling reality unfolding across Appalachian Ohio, which is home to nine of Ohio’s 10 counties with the highest suicide rates per 100,000 population over the past 10 years. Meigs County experienced the highest suicide rate in the state at 21.5, followed by Jackson County (19.9) and Hocking County (19.7).

Such trends are disturbing to mental health organizations across Ohio, including the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services.

“The data in this report is very relevant to the work of the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services,” said Lori Criss, director of that state department. “Suicide is a serious public health issue. Tackling this issue in Ohio will require collaborative efforts that cross state government, private partners, community mental health and addiction boards and providers, colleges and universities and others.”

The Alliance is a collaborative effort created by Ohio University’s College of Health Sciences and Professions (CHSP), the University of Toledo’s College of Health and Human Services and now including 28 partner organizations. The Alliance recently completed a review of suicide fatalities in Ohio based on data provided by key state partners between January 2008 and December 2017.

Rick Hodges, director of The Alliance, said that 526,501 years of life expectancy was lost in Ohio between 2008-2017 due to suicide. He noted that this sobering figure is largely attributed to the increase in suicide rates of individuals 29 years of age and younger.

“The Alliance’s research indicates that the suicide rate within our state’s younger population (29 and younger) has increased by 33 percent since 2008,” Hodges said. “Our ultimate hope is that this study will help to inform state- and community-level discussions surrounding how the risk of suicide can be reduced in Ohio and beyond.”

Hodges also referenced a June 2018 Alliance study that calculated more than 500,000 years of life were lost in Ohio between 2010 and 2016 due to opioid overdose.

Orman Hall, executive in residence for CHSP and author of the study, said that The Alliance’s research revealed a total of 15,246 suicide fatalities in Ohio between 2008-17, an overall increase of approximately 24 percent per 100,000. White individuals who reside in economically distressed Appalachian communities continue to exhibit the highest suicide rate in Ohio.

Hall emphasized that the intent of The Alliance’s study was not to serve as an exhaustive study of cause and effect, but rather to analyze the scope of suicide fatalities and to identify key demographic characteristics of decedents for this serious and growing problem.

Although the highest suicide rates were experienced in Ohio’s Appalachian region during the 10-year period that was studied, it is important to note that both rural and suburban areas experienced the greatest increase in the rate of suicides per 100,000 population. Cuyahoga (1,461) and Franklin (1,408) counties were home to the highest total number of suicide fatalities in the study.

Tony Coder, director of the Ohio Suicide Prevention Foundation (OSPF), reported that OSPF trains as many community members and healthcare providers as they possibly can across the state. He said collaborative partnerships with various agencies are in effect or are being built to create a state suicide strategy with the goal of reducing suicide attempts and death.

Ohio University College of Health Sciences and Professions Dean Randy Leite shared that the University is doing its part to train the nation’s next generation of mental health professionals.

“Clinicians often encounter mental health clients experiencing crisis; such distress can increase a person’s risk of suicide,” Leite said. “Our college is dedicated to educating the best healthcare professionals in the country and doing everything within our power to help alleviate this serious and growing problem. It is time we recognize suicide as the serious public health issue it is and do all we can to prepare future health and human service professionals to respond to those who may be at risk.”

Joan Englund, executive director of the Ohio Mental Health and Addiction Advocacy Coalition, said that The Alliance’s most recent study shines an important light on a growing need for suicide treatment and prevention services.

“Local, state and federal decisions and actions can reduce the growing number of Ohio suicides. In order to help change the current upward trajectory, all Ohioans must have timely access to appropriate mental health and substance use disorder prevention, treatment and support services,” Englund said. “This report provides public officials and other community leaders with critical data that can be used to inform strategic and impactful policymaking, support the system of care and target this alarming trend.”

Additional key data points within The Alliance’s study include:

  • The lowest suicide rates per 100,000 population in the state were reported in Holmes County (6.85), Delaware County (9.87) and Hardin County (10.29).
  • Men accounted for an average suicide rate over the 10 years of 21.4 deaths per 100,000, compared to a rate of 5.36 for women.
  • Suicide rates for Caucasians were higher (14.6) than African-Americans (7.37).
  • Between 2008 and 2017, 161 suicides occurred among those 14 years of age or younger. Senior citizens experienced the highest suicide rate increase by age cohort, climbing from 12.4 deaths per 100,000 in 2008 to 19.5 in 2017 — a 57 percent increase.
  • The data show 3,459 people were 60 or older when they died by suicide and nearly 70 percent of those over age 60 used a firearm.
  • Firearms accounted for 50.9 percent of all suicide fatalities for the 10-year period, followed by “other” (33.3 percent) and “self-poisoning (overdose)” (15.8 percent).
  • “Other” causes of suicidal death included, but were not limited to, cuts or pierces, drowning, falls, machinery and motor vehicle traffic.

“We need to come together as a field to address this problem,” Coder said. “We know that opiates are a big issue, but with suicide being the second-leading cause of death for individuals ages 10-24, this is a public health crisis in which we need to assign the appropriate resources and manpower.”

Additional resources for the study include the Bureau of Vital Statistics, the Ohio Death Certificate File and the Centers for Disease Control.

According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, warning signs may include threats or comments about suicide, increased alcohol and drug use, aggressive behavior, social withdrawal, dramatic mood swings, talking, writing or thinking about death and impulsive or reckless behavior. If you or someone you know are having thoughts of suicide, contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255).

The Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services offers suicide prevention guidance for veterans, school-age youth, faith-based groups, older adults and behavioral health providers.

The Buckeye Firearms Association works to emphasize education that encourages suicide prevention and helps to identify potential suicide warning signs; they often collaborate with county and state partners, including Franklin County LOSS and the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, to help share their message.

3 Responses

  1. We cannot have the suicide conversation without acknowledging people suffering with chronic pain conditions (CPC).

    In Ontario, upon my request, our Chief Coroner of Ontario, Dr. Dirk Huyer, began looking at the overdose rates for persons with chronic pain. Over a year ago he determined that 18% of persons who overdose on illicit substances DO NOT HAVE A HISTORY OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE, but do have a history of chronic pain (and medical abandonment).

    18%. Ontario os the only coroner’s office in Canada, and possibly in North America who is capturing this data.

    And the number is only going to grow. As long as we have a system that illegally discriminates against persons with CPC, as long as our system abandons us, more will turn to street substances to manage pain, and be vulnerable to the toxic illicit supply.

    As long as our human rights to health care are not just infringed upon, not just violated, but obliterated, we will increasingly turn to street drugs and unintentional overdose, or we will suicide. With intent.

    Shame on our countries for treating us so abysmally, so cruelly, that we are forced to turn to street drugs, or kill ourselves.

    Steve, if your Canadian readers know of anyone with CPC who is turning to street drugs, or has tragically ended their lives, please have them contact me. I am trying to gather our experiences to present to the Canadian Pain Task Force.

    Laura Robertson
    Patient Advocate, Peer Counsellor
    chronic pain @ bell . net (no spaces)

    • Laura;
      Wow, I tip my hat to you for being able to get a coroner to distinguish this vital piece of data….wish ta God I knew how to get the loons down here to do the same.

      Bless you for your work, and I hope there are sane people in power up there that will see the actual truth, instead of just the hysteria & PR.

  2. Well dahhh,,,this proves what we’ve all been saying ever since the Feds/Andrea kolodny/cdc started to deny access to effective amounts of medicine to lessen physical pain,essentialy torturing the medically ill in FORCED physical pain,,,,,THERE KILLING US,,, we all said more will die,,and again sadly were are proven right…Us older folks will always experience more physical pain due to age,,but now a days,,the likes’ of Andrew kolodny,,cdc guideline killers,,hhs,,dea,,,all seem to think they have the right to decide how much medicine were allowed,,which is also decidng how much FORCED PHYSICSL PAIN WE ARE TO FORCIBLE ENDURE,,,THE DEFINITION OF TORTURE,,SOO NO SURPRISE,,,THE AGED ARE FORCED TO USE DEATH,,,,TO STOP THERE PHYSICAL PAIN BECAUSE,,PEOPLE LIKE ANDEW KOLODY,,OUR GOVERNMENT,,ARROGANT SOB’S THINK THEY HAVE THE RIGHT TO DECIDE,,HOW MUCH FORCED PHYSICAL PAIN WE SHOULD FORCIBLE ENDURE…THEIR ARROGANCE,,THEIR TORTURING OF THE MEDICALLY ILL IN PAIN,,PHYSICAL PAIN,,,THEIR CHOICE TO TORTURE THE MEDICALLY ILL,,,HAS/IS LITERALLY KILLING US,,,,JUST LIKE WE SAID IT WOULD BACK IN 2016 AND AS WE STILL SAY,,,,,MORE ARE DEAD,,,,SINCE THEIR TORTURING OF US,,,,,NOT LESSS,,,FEDERAL GOVERNMENT NEEDS TO GET THE HELLL OUT OF OUR BODIES,OUR DOCTORS OFFICE AND OUR MEDICINE,,,FOR THEIR IGNORANT DECISIONSTheir denial of access to effective amount of medicine..Their liars,,, ARE LITERALLY MURDERING US,,,maryw

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