Governments using data to track, predict opioid overdose

Governments using data to track, predict opioid overdose

Data is helping the city of Cincinnati and the state of Ohio to find geographic hotspots for overdose and predict opioid risk patterns

CINCINNATI — Data is being used by cities and governments to track overdoses and predict opioid trends.

Cincinnati Chief Data Officer Brandon Crowley presented how data is being used to track the city’s opioid epidemic last month with Socrata to deploy first responder resources and advise community outreach.

After a spike in overdoses in 2016, Cincinnati began analyzing EMS response data to identify trends and geographic points to help strategically deploy public safety officers and medical resources.

The Heroin Dashboard is a subset of EMS data which captures responses to reported heroin overdose incidents. The dataset helps the city dispatch roving medics and increase public safety and public health response in hotspots while it also advises on trends.

For example, Crowley said the city was able to better understand why it was exhausting its naloxone supply. It turns out EMS was having to administer double doses for a particular cut of heroin used at a particular point in time.

Thirteen months of anonymized data is shared through a visualization — including adjusted incident latitude and longitude coordinates — which is updated daily, helping to keep communities appraised. Residents and community leaders can use the Heroin Dashboard to understand overdoses in each neighborhood, and they can access the full data through the city’s Open Data Portal.

While the city has not yet implemented predictive modeling with its heroin incident dataset, Crowley said data analysts do intend to build on it. But at the state level, analysts have begun using Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) data, which Ohio launched in 2010, to predict opioid risk patterns throughout the state.

Leveraging State PDMP Data

The state of Ohio has been combining data on known overdose deaths with prescription data from the Ohio Automated Rx Reporting System (OARRS), which tracks the dispensing of controlled prescription drugs to patients Ohio, to build predictive models as early detection for overdose.

A National RX Drug Abuse & Heroin Summit webinar on May 4, featuring Chad Garner, director of OARRS along with speakers from Appris Health, will explain how PDMP data and advanced analytics can impact detection of prescription narcotic and opioid overdose deaths and review the early identification process of prevention and management of substance use disorders.

According to the 2016 OARRS annual report, the total doses of opioids dispensed to Ohio patients decreased 20.4 percent from 793 million in 2012 to 631 million in 2016.

Nearly all U.S. states have adopted PDMP systems that support data analytics efforts to better understand and address the opioid epidemic, except Missouri. Although Missouri Senator Rob Schaaf, a physician, said that he will now support the system if the proposed state law requires doctors to use it, according to the Associated Press.

Ohio requires doctors to access OARRS, and the state’s Board of Pharmacy requires pharmacists to use it before dispensing medication.

One Response

  1. As time goes by, I can understand why people [who are “healthy-enough], resort to seeking relief elsewhere. When people with serious chronic, and emergency conditions are being mindlessly reduced from many medications proven to help keep them independent, healthier and able-to help others, w/o giving them anything that works in it’s place;what can anyone expect ? With the serious issues happening in our world today, it’s outrageous that so much money and attention is being invested in the micro-management of people with chronic pain, ADHD, and anxiety. Those resources could be spent to help heal instead of control and torture.
    This isn’t about “addiction”, it’s about control, torture, and depopulation.
    It seems that the only medications, and “supplements” being targeted are those that are proven to help.
    There isn’t any one-size-fits all solution. Prior to the healthcare Reform, I never heard about this EPIDEMIC; no-less torturing people with necessary medications which helped them to function.
    I’m surprised no-one has interviewed both admitted “addicts”, and those in recovery to hear what they have to say. So far the word “ADDICT” is thrown around to the point of being meaningless; meanwhile, basic human, civil, and international rights are disappearing w/o question.
    This horrific terrorism of punishing people in pain has got to stop. It doesn’t make sense, and is a war on people; an excuse to violate, misuse and abuse “technology”

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: